New York sales tax is levied on the sale of tangible personal property and services in New York State. New York State Sales and Use Tax is 4%, and local municipalities may also impose a local sales tax on top of this rate. For example, the City of Buffalo charges an additional 3% for municipal sales tax. When the City of New York and the State sales tax are combined, the total sales tax rate can be as high as 8.875%.
In addition, a few goods are exempt from the New York sales tax, including non-prepared food items, prescription and over-the-counter medication, family planning products, certain medical devices, and machinery used for research purposes. The New York Department of Taxation and Finances website has a complete list of exemptions.
Who Must Collect Sales Tax in NY?
New York state sales and use taxes are applied to most goods and services purchased within the state. This includes retail goods like cars and furniture as well as services like haircuts, manicures and pedicures, and massages. The state also taxes certain utilities like water and electricity as well as some food items and over-the-counter and prescription medicine.
Businesses selling taxable goods and services must register with the state and obtain a Certificate of Authority. They must also file and pay sales tax on a monthly, quarterly, or annual basis. The filing frequency is determined by the business’s estimated yearly revenue. Penalties apply for late filings or payments, so ensuring that you meet your filing deadline is critical. New York also offers a variety of tax incentives for filing on time.
New York Sales Tax Due Dates 2024
Businesses must file sales tax returns and pay tax on taxable merchandise every filing period. This can be monthly, quarterly, or annually, depending on the amount of sales taxes collected and other factors.
Sales tax returns are due on the 20th day of the month following the reporting period. If the 20th falls on a weekend or holiday, then the return is due the next business day. If you choose to file quarterly, you must submit your return on the last day of the quarter. Wholesale businesses that collect less than $75,000 per year in sales tax can file annually.
Regardless of your filing frequency, you must keep detailed records. These include starting and ending inventories, sales, purchases, canceled checks, receipts, bills of lading, invoices, and other books of account.
If you file your tax returns on time and remit your tax payments on time, then you can avoid paying penalties and interest. However, many businesses find that keeping up with these requirements is difficult without a comprehensive sales tax compliance solution.
How Do I Calculate NYS Sales Tax?
The state sales tax in New York is 4%, but local municipalities can add additional rates to the mix. For this reason, it’s important to understand how sales taxes are calculated in the state. The state provides a rate calculator and also offers a list of sales tax rates by zip code to aid in the calculation process.
This list can be used to calculate the total amount of tax charged on a sale, including the state sales tax and any applicable local or metropolitan commuter transportation district (MCTD) tax. It should be noted that not all products and services are taxable in the state of New York, with notable exemptions including food that is prepackaged or served at restaurants and utilities. Additional services subject to sales tax include hair service, manicures and pedicures, electrolysis, and massage services.
It’s also important to understand the difference between sales tax and use tax. Sales tax is collected on tangible goods and services sold within the state, while use tax is a separate tax that is imposed on goods and services purchased from out-of-state sellers and then used in the state.
Other NY Taxes
In addition to the state sales tax, businesses must also pay use tax on certain goods and services that are purchased from out-of-state suppliers and used in New York. The use tax rate is based on the combination of the NYC sales tax, state sales tax, and Metropolitan Commuter Transportation District surcharge.
Businesses must file a New York sales tax return either monthly, quarterly, or annually, depending on their estimated yearly revenue. The tax is collected on the gross receipts of taxable goods and services sold or billed in New York, as well as the prepaid sales tax on diesel motor fuel and on printing and mail services. The Tax Department publishes a variety of sales and use tax publications, including combined state and local rate information and jurisdictional reporting codes.